A drain is a tube that prevents body fluid from collecting at your surgical site. The drainage end of the tubing is placed into your surgical site through an opening near your incision, and is held in place by a stitch. The drain pulls this fluid (by suction) into a bulb. You can then empty the bulb and measure the fluid inside. Record the fluid amounts on a “Drain Log.”
Please note that immediately after your surgery, the color and consistency will be similar to blood. This is normal. As your surgical site heals over the next several days, the drainage will change colors. It can progress to a light pink, light yellow, or clear consistency. The drain will stay in place until less than 25 to 30 milliliters (ml) of fluid can be collected in a 24-hour period. This can take anywhere from 5 to 21 days, depending on the surgery. Everyone’s drainage is different.
Initially, you will need to empty the bulb twice daily (once in the morning and once in the evening). As the output decreases, you can switch to emptying the drain once a day. You need to empty the bulb when it is about half full and record the amount of fluid. Use the measuring cup each time you empty the drain. Before you are discharged from the hospital or ambulatory surgery facility, your nurse will show you how to empty the drains and measure the fluid.
My drain bulb will not hold suction: If your drain does not stay flat when fully compressed with the plug correctly in place, it will not provide the amount of suction needed to remove the fluid away from your surgical site. If this happens, try to strip the drain tubing several times and try compressing the bulb again. If the bulb continues to not stay flat, let your provider know.
My drain site is leaking fluid: Sometimes fluid leaks from around the drain site. This can wet your gauze dressing or your clothing. If this happens, remove any wet dressings and use soap and water to clean the area. Make sure that the bulb drain is secured and “flat” for the suction needed.
I see blood clots or solid debris in the drain tubing/bulb: It is common for small debris or a blood clot to be found inside the tubing or bulb. The blood clot appears as a dark, stringy lining. It could prevent the drainage from flowing through the tube. Try to strip the drain to move the clot into the bulb. If drainage is completely blocked from getting into the bulb, let your provider know.
My skin where the drain enters is red and tender: The drain tubing can irritate the skin at the drain entrance site. This is normal and will go away once the drain is removed. You can apply bacitracin ointment to the drain site once daily. You can also use gauze to create a “pillow” around the drain site. Also, holding the tubing to your skin with an additional band-aid can help secure the drain better. This can help reduce irritation.